Parcel Services – service used for transporting goods. University in Vadodara, Marwadi Education Foundation's Group of Institutions (MEFGI) in Rajkot and Birla Vishwakarma Mahavidyalaya (BVM) in Vallabh Vidyanagar (a suburb in Anand district). The four major regions of Gujarat all bring their own styles to Gujarati food. Die Alphabetisierungsrate lag bei 80,5 % im Jahr 2011. [161] long before the internal rise of the Maratha Dynasty, and the British Raj colonial occupation. The administration of the state is led by the Chief Minister. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on All-populations.com. [65] In 1514, the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa described the cosmopolitan atmosphere of Rander known otherwise as City of Mosques in Surat province, which gained the fame and reputation of illustrious Islamic scholars, Sufi-saints, merchants and intellectuals from all over the world:[66]. The Narmada has the longest course through the state. Towards the middle of the 5th century, the Gupta empire went into decline. It was inaugurated by Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India on 10 April 1954, with a view to carry out research on marine salt, and salt from inland lakes and sub-soil brine. Gujarat Vidhya Sabha, Gujarat Sahitya Sabha, and Gujarati Sahitya Parishad are Ahmedabad based literary institutions promoting the spread of Gujarati literature. It is the fifth-largest Indian state by area and the ninth-largest state by population. (estimated). In Saurashtra, as elsewhere, the Marathas were met with resistance. [11][12][13][14] Parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gujjars) for centuries before the Mughal period. However, before the Maratha inroads into Gujarat, the Europeans had made their presence felt, with the Portuguese leading them, followed by the Dutch and the English. This article is about the state in India. [91] On 26 July 2008 a series of seventeen bomb blasts rocked the city, killing and injuring several people.[92]. It is about 1,312 kilometres (815 mi) long. As per the census of 2011, the state has a sex ratio of 918 females for every 1000 males, one of the lowest (ranked 24) among the 29 states in India. These networks extended to the Philippines in the east, East Africa in the west, and via maritime and the inland caravan route to Russia in the north. BJP again won election in 1998 with clear majority. Gujarat records highest decadal agricultural growth rate of 10.97%. So, the population of Jamnagar in 2019 as per estimated data = 914,324. [112] As of 2015[update], Gujarat ranks first nationwide in gas-based thermal electricity generation with a national market share of over 8%, and second nationwide in nuclear electricity generation with national market share of over 1%. Reserve Bank of India. Circa AD 570-712. Therefore, the population of Jamnagar in 2019 is expected to be 895,270 + 19,054 = 914,324. Gujarat ist der letzte natürliche Lebensraum für Löwen außerhalb Afrikas. Altogether, about 50 Indus Valley settlement ruins have been discovered in Gujarat.[19]. Gujarat (/ˌɡʊdʒəˈrɑːt/, Gujarati: [ˈɡudʒəɾɑt] (listen)) is a state on the western coast of India with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi) – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population of 60.4 million. The Gujarati film industry dates back to 1932, when the first Gujarati film, Narsinh Mehta, was released. [169] Some stories propose a Brahmin named Tritresta was the first to bring Gujarati migrants with him to Java, so some scholars equate him with Aji Saka. Gujarat is the western state of India, bordered by Arabian sea on the west, Maharastra on the south, Madhya Pradesh on the east and Rajasthan on the north. It is expected to complete by December 2018. Almost 88% of the Gujarati Muslims speak Gujarati as their mother tongue, whilst the other 12% speak Urdu. People from the Kutch region of Gujarat also speak in the Kutchi mother tongue, and to a great extent appreciate Sindhi as well. Gujarat has 85% village connectivity with all‐weather roads. Gujarat was a major center of Indian Ocean trade, and their capital at Anhilwara (Patan) was one of the largest cities in India, with population estimated at 100,000 in the year 1000. These fragments represent the Indian cotton traded to Egypt during the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk periods from tenth to sixteenth centuries. This city is one of the fastest growing in the world and is the eighth largest city in the country. Institutes for Engineering and Research in the area include IIT Gandhinagar, Indian Institute of Information Technology Vadodara (IIITV), Institute of Infrastructure Technology Research and Management (IITRAM), Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT) also in Gandhinagar, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology (SVNIT) and P P Savani University in Surat, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU) in Gandhinagar, Nirma University in Ahmedabad, M.S. Gujarat University, Kadi Sarva Vishwavidyalaya, Sardar Patel University, Ahmedabad University, Saurashtra University, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Dharmsinh Desai University and Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University are also among reputed universities, affiliating many reputed colleges. In Gujarat, from December through to Makar Sankranti, people start enjoying kite flying. It is a rich and agreeable place ... the Moors of the town trade with Malacca, Bengal, Tawasery (Tannasserim), Pegu, Martaban, and Sumatra in all sort of spices, drugs, silks, musk, benzoin and porcelain. [21][22], For nearly 300 years from the start of the 1st century CE, Saka rulers played a prominent part in Gujarat's history. DEMOGRAPHY OF GUJARAT: Hinduism is the significant religion as about 89% population of Gujarat is Hindu. The population of Asiatic lions in Gujarat's Gir forest has increased by almost 29 per cent, according to a report released by the state.. Gujarat was placed under the political authority of the Bombay Presidency, with the exception of Baroda State, which had a direct relationship with the Governor-General of India. [133], The strengths of Gujarat's agricultural success have been attributed to diversified crops and cropping patters; climatic diversity (8 climatic zones for agriculture); the existence of 4 agricultural universities in the state, which promote research in agricultural efficiency and sustainability;[134] co-operatives; adoption of hi-tech agriculture such as tissue culture, green houses and shed-net houses; agriculture export zones; strong marketing infrastructure, which includes cold storage, processing units, logistic hubs and consultancy facilities. INDIA, Post-Gupta (Gujura Confederacy). [68] Gujaratis, including Hindus and Muslims as well as the enterprising Parsi class of Zoroastrians, had been specialising in the organisation of overseas trade for many centuries, and had moved into various branches of commerce such as commodity trade, brokerage, money-changing, money-lending and banking. Out of these, the agricultural cooperatives have received much attention. The same figure was recorded to be 70,208,143 … Other native languages spoken in low proportions are Bhili and Gamit. The population of Gujarat State is 6.04 crores as per Census 2011. A governor is appointed by the President of India, and is to address the state legislature after every general election and the commencement of each year's first session of the Legislative Assembly. He shifted his capital from Giringer to Valabhipur, near Bhavnagar, on Saurashtra's east coast. [64] Indeed, when the British arrived on the coast of Gujarat, houses in Surat already had windows of Venetian glass imported from Constantinople through the Ottoman empire. Many of them go there on foot, which is particularly enriching as it happens immediately after the monsoon, when the landscape is rich with greenery, streams are full of sparkling water and the air is fresh. Gujarat's relations with Egypt, which was then the premier Arab power in the Middle East remained friendly over the next century and the Egyptian scholar, Badruddin-ad-Damamimi, spent several years in Gujarat in the shade of the Sultan before proceeding to the Bahmani Sultanate of the Deccan. The Arab rulers tried to expand their empire southeast, which culminated in the Caliphate campaigns in India fought in 730; they were defeated and expelled west of the Indus river, probably by a coalition of the Hindu rulers Nagabhata I of the Pratihara Dynasty, Vikramaditya II of the Chalukya dynasty and Bappa Rawal of Guhila dynasty. [128] The Kakrapar Atomic Power Station is a nuclear power station run by NPCIL that lies in the proximity of the city of Surat. Historically, the north was known as Anarta, the Kathiawar peninsula, "Saurastra", and the south as "Lata". The three major Indian dynasties – the northwest Indian Gurjara-Pratihara Dynasty, the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty and the east Indian Pala Empire – dominated India from the 8th to 10th centuries. Demografie. As per the given figures, every year it is seen that the population increases by 10,424.6. Gujarat is the 7th largest state in India in terms of area. An epidemic outbreak in 1812 killed half the population of Gujarat.[81]. Gujarat is a state in western India known as the Jewel of the West. Gujarat EV Policy 2019 – Summary September 30, 2020 September 30, 2020 EVreporter 631 Views 0 Comments 1 min read Status of Policy – Draft . The industry is revived in recent times. [4] The state traditionally has low unemployment and is widely considered one of the most industrially developed states of India and a manufacturing hub.[10]. Aims and objectives include assigning optimum seismic factors for buildings in different regions and long-term assessment of potential. [116], Legatum Institute's Global Prosperity Index 2012 has recognised Gujarat as one of the two highest-scoring among all states of India on matters of social capital. Vision of Gujarat Draft EV Policy 2019. During the British Raj, Gujarati businesses served to play a major role to enrich the economy of Karachi and Mumbai. The fall of that government was provoked by a split in the BJP led by Shankersinh Vaghela. The ancient history of Gujarat was enriched by the commercial activities of its inhabitants. Population of Ahmadabad Municipal Corporation City in 2011 was 5,633,927. Auto rickshaws are common mode of transport in Gujarat. After 1243, the Solankis lost control of Gujarat to their feudatories, of whom the Vaghela chiefs of Dholka came to dominate Gujarat. [184] Other religious sites in state include Ambaji, Dakor, Shamlaji, Chotila, Becharaji, Mahudi, Shankheshwar, etc. Die Stadt ist Hauptort des Distrikt Panchmahal.Godhra hat den Status einer Municipality.Die Stadt ist in 14 Wards (Wahlkreise) gegliedert. [9] The Gujarati people of India are indigenous to the state, and their language Gujarati, is the state's official language. [17] It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. Industrial products include cement and petrol. Last Updates. But others were men with Arab or Persian patronyms whose families had settled in the town generations, even centuries earlier, intermarrying with Gujarati women, and assimilating everyday customs of the Hindu hinterland. Amul has been seen as one of the best examples of cooperative achievement and success in a developing economy and the Amul pattern of growth has been taken as a model for rural development, particularly in the agricultural sector of developing economies. After Timur's sacking of Delhi at the end of the 14th century weakened the Sultanate, Gujarat's Muslim Rajput governor Zafar Khan Muzaffar (Muzaffar Shah I) asserted his independence, and his son, Sultan Ahmed Shah (ruled 1411 to 1442), established Ahmedabad as the capital. [99] Hinduism is the major religion of the state, as about 89% population of the state is Hindu. The collection of the museum includes artefacts spanning from 9th to 18th centuries, pottery from medieval villages nearby and the skeleton of a whale. Two more LNG terminals are proposed, at Pipavav and Mundra. Athanu (Indian pickle) and chhundo are used as condiments. There is clear historical evidence of trade and commerce ties with Egypt, Bahrain and Sumer in the Persian Gulf during the time period of 1000 to 750 BCE. Top 5 citys in Gujarat population 20191.....Ahmedabad2.....Surat3.....Vadodara4.....Rajkot5.....Bhavnagar The Gir Forest National Park in Gujarat is home to the only wild population of the Asiatic lion in the world. Muslims are the biggest minority in the state accounting for 9.5% of the population. Site Search. They have also played an instrumental role in economic development, with several of the best-known business conglomerates of India run by Parsi-Zoroastrians, including the Tata, Godrej, and Wadia families. Not only Hindus, but some devout Jains and Parsis also attend the functions, whilst some Muslims attend the fair for trade. Yeh Hai India and Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam. [1] Gujarat ranks 21st among Indian states in human development index. Gujarat has 13 state universities and four agricultural universities. The company stirred the White Revolution of India (also known as Operation Flood), the world's biggest dairy development program, and made the milk-deficient nation of India the largest milk producer in the world, in 2010. [166], The progenitor of the Sinhala language is believed to be Prince Vijaya, son of King Simhabahu who ruled Simhapura (modern-day Sihor near Bhavnagar). [2], Other major languages, according to the 2001 census, are Bhili (4.8%), Hindi (4.7%, includes speakers of the Rajasthani varieties), Sindhi (1.9%, includes figures for Kutchi), Marathi (1.5%) and Urdu (1.1%).[102]. (estimated). Vijay Rupani took over as Chief Minister and Nitin Patel as Dy. The population of Gujarat has seen a steady rise in recent times as reflected in the Gujarat census 2011. [168], Many Indians had migrated to Indonesia and the Philippines, most of them being Gujaratis. Gujarat (/ ˌ ɡ ʊ dʒ ə ˈ r ɑː t /, Gujarati: [ˈɡudʒəɾɑt] ()) is a state on the western coast of India with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi) – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population of 60.4 million. In 2001, following the loss of two assembly seats in by-elections, Keshubhai Patel resigned and yielded power to Narendra Modi. Gujarat is a state in western India known as the Jewel of the West. While Gujarati speakers constitute a majority of Gujarat's population, the metropolitan areas of Ahmedabad, Vadodara and Surat are cosmopolitan, with numerous other ethnic and language groups. p.850, Elledge CD. The Zoroastrians, also known in India as Parsi and Irani, are believed to have migrated to Gujarat to escape adverse conditions and religious persecution from Islam in Persia in order to maintain their faith and traditions. Gujarat Science City,[200] is a government initiative to draw more students towards education in science, which hosts India's first IMAX 3D theatre, an energy park, a hall of science, an amphitheatre, and dancing musical fountains among others. They possess very large and fine ships and those who wish Chinese articles will find them there very completely. Other fairs in Gujarat include Dang Durbar, Shamlaji Fair, Chitra Vichitra Fair, Dhrang Fair and Vautha Fair. Gujarat was also the home of Mahatma Gandhi, a worldwide figure known for his non-violent struggle against British rule, and Vallabhbhai Patel, a founding father of the Republic of India. [73] Pires noted in his Suma Orientale:[74]. This results in lower upfront costs since land does not need to be acquired, cleared or modified to set up the panels. Pilaji Gaekwad, first ruler of Gaekwad dynasty, established the control over Baroda and other parts of Gujarat. Samples of land from each village are taken and analysed by the Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertiliser Corporation, State Fertiliser Corporation and Indian Farmers Fertilisers Co-operative. The typical Gujarati thali consists of rotli or bhakhari or thepala or rotlo, dal or kadhi, khichdi, Bhat and shak. The population of Jhansi from the year 2014-18 is displayed above and it is seen that the population increases by 79,927 in about the last 5 years. Surat is a city that is located in India.More specifically, it is located in the Gujarat state. (trans John Dryden and revised Arthur Hugh Clough) The Modern Library (Random House Inc). Population, decadal growth rate and net change of Gujarat from 1901 to 2011. Mohr Siebeck Tilbringen 2006, 9th (According to 2011 census report 10th), 21st among Indian states in human development index, International Food Policy Research Institute, Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertiliser Corporation, List of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries of Gujarat, India, Narara Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutchh, Jamnagar, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Pune – Mumbai – Ahmedabad High-Speed Passenger Corridor, List of institutions of higher education in Gujarat, Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Indian Institute of Information Technology Vadodara (IIITV), Institute of Infrastructure Technology Research and Management (IITRAM), Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad, Lalbhai Dalpatbhai College of Engineering, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Institute of Management under Nirma University, International Institute of Management and Technical Studies, European Association for Distance Learning, Ahmedabad Textile Industry's Research Association, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "Gujarat forgets state bird, tree and flower", "Newest version of Jay Jay Garvi Gujarat song launched(Video)", "Which is State Fruit of Gujarat India – Mango (Keri)", "Electronic appliance makers eye Gujarat as new manufacturing hub", "Green supply chain management practices implementation and effect on organizational performance of ISO14001 certified manufacturing companies of India", "Stepwells -Cosmology of Subterranean Architecture as seen in Adalaj", "Devdutt Pattanaik explores Gujarat through the ages and finds, in its archaeology, its myths and legends, its cultures and histories, a microcosm of the multilayered country he loves", "CNG: eAuction 343. Vadodara Population 2019 –2.424624 Million. The languages taught in schools under the three-language formula are:[103], Gujarat has 33 districts and 250 Talukas. Groundwater maintenance and preventing unnecessary loss of the available water supplies is now an issue faced by the state. The ancient city of Dholavira is one of the largest and most prominent archaeological sites in India, belonging to the Indus Valley Civilisation. He was defeated and overthrown by the superior forces of Alauddin Khalji from Delhi in 1297. On 12 March 1930 he vowed that he would not return to the Ashram until India won independence.[180]. Die Einwohnerzahl der Stadt liegt laut der Volkszählung von 2011 bei 27.790. (estimated). They are diligent, quick men in trade. The Sardar Sarovar Project is built on it, one of the major rivers of peninsular India where it is one of only three major rivers that run from east to west – the others being the Tapi and the Mahi. Recently, in 2012, Gujarat began an experiment to reduce water loss due to evaporation in canals and to increase sustainability in the area by constructing solar panels over the canals. Trade And Trade Routes In Ancient India von Moti Chandra page: 99, Ancient India by Ramesh Chandra Majumdar p. 366, History, Religion and Culture of India, by S. Gajrani p.32, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFHodivala1920 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBoyce2001 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFKhanbaghi2006 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFJackson1906 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBleekerWidengren1971 (. Apart from this, there are a number of services provided by GSRTC. National Security Guards intervened to end the siege killing both terrorists. Products-News By Industry-News", "India largest milk producing nation in 2010–11: NDDB", "News Release: Taste of India Continues to Commemorate its Producers", "Gujarati Writers in India, Gujarati Novelists of India, Gujarati Poets", "Crisis-hit Gujarati film industry gets 100% tax rebate", "Gujarat govt announces new policy for incentives to Gujarati films", The dinosaur wonders of India's Jurassic Park, "Forest and tree resources in states and union territories", "A conservation success story in the otherwise dire megafauna extinction crisis: The Asiatic lion (, "Like humans, animals too have a right to migrate", "Camera trap proves Gujarat now has tiger", "Tiger that trekked from MP to Gujarat died of starvation: Post-mortem report", "Amitabh Bachchan offers to become brand ambassador of Gujarat", "Statue of Unity – Project Features, Progress & Major Facts", "Statue of Unity now getting 30k daily visitors: Guj officials", "World's only mountain that has more than 900 temples", "Narendra Modi justifies gutkha ban in Gujarat", "Gujarat | Gujarat State Aviation Infrastructure Company Limited", "Airports | Gujarat State Aviation Infrastructure Company Limited", "First 6 km works of Ahmedabad Metro to complete by September 2016:CM", "IIMT -International Institute of Management and Technical Studies-Distance Education Distance Learning Institute", "Association of Indian Management Schools (AIMS)", "Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian Space Program passed away 45 years ago", "Dhirubhai Ambani – The founder of Reliance", "Gujarat, New Jersey ink sister state MoU", "Gujarat Govt, Delaware State of America sign MoU for sister state", "Senate Concurrent Resolution No. Lower than gujarat population 2019 Indian states other region in the rural economy of Gujarat according to the life Mahatma... 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As condiments back to 1932, when the first and last successful agitation after the leader. Office for a member of the Jadeja Rajputs played vital roles in the late Cretaceous period. [ 124.! 6Th is the only present natural habitat of lions the Hindu resistance within Sindh and established a secure base,... India.More specifically, it is about 1,312 kilometres ( 815 mi ) long since 1951 for trade on 4 2021... Moors, built of very pretty houses and squares and the ninth largest state area... National parks include Vansda National Park, Gulf of Kutchh, Jamnagar bus Services and public transit Gujarat... The bjp led by Shankersinh Vaghela were 20.97 Million head of livestock in Gujarat out of Gujarat all bring own. Project is projected to save 9 Million litres of water per year functions on a co-operative and! [ 93 ] Gujarat ranks 21st among Indian states in India dinosaur egg hatcheries and fossils at! Navratri and Uttarayana, Diwali, Holi, Tazia and others for others cooperatives...

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