[1] Constitution of the State of Illinois. Which state in the United States was the first to abolish slavery, was the home of four U.S. presidents, and has the only river in the entire world that flows backwards? Illinois! Debates and proceedings of the Constitutional convention of the state of Illinois,: convened at the city of Springfield, Tuesday, September 13, 1869 / Ely, Burnham & Bartlett, official stenographers. In 1868 a convention wrote an entirely new constitution for a part urban, part rural state. This new Constitution of 1870 remained the law of the State of Illinois until the adoption of the 1970 Constitution. State constitutions reflect the states of their time. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Visit the U.S. Government: Lesson Plans & Resources page to learn more. Your browser may not be compatible with all the features on this site. There are 14 articles of the Illinois Constitution. 1. ions of the 1870 constitution was the subject of Munn v. Illinois, the first Supreme Court decision that declared state economic regulation to be constitu- tiona1.j Second, Illinois was at an intermediate stage of railroad development in 1870. imaginable degree, area of Constitutional Convention (1869-1870) Publication date 1870 Topics Constitutional history Publisher Chicago : Western news co. Springfield: Illinois State Journal Print, 1872. It also required that taxes on each category had to be uniform. Known as 'The Land of Lincoln,' the state of Illinois has a rich history dating back to the early 1800s. Add tags for "Constitution of the state of Illinois : adopted and ratified in 1870, and amended in 1877.". first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. In Illinois, this branch is called the General Assembly and is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Constitutional Convention (1869-1870). JUDICIAL DISTRICTS The State is divided into five Judicial Districts for the selection of Supreme and Appellate Court Judges. Articles 4-6 establish the rules, framework, and offices in the three branches of government. Adoption, Federalism Lesson Plan for Elementary School, Division of Powers Between the National Government and the States, The Missouri Constitution: Facts & History, History of the North Carolina Constitution, Maryland Government: Structure, Branches & Facts, Missouri State Government: Branches & Structure, New York State Constitution: Rights & Responsibilities, New Mexico Government: History, Structure & Facts, U.S. Government: Lesson Plans & Resources, Biological and Biomedical The Supreme Court was comprised of 7 judges whose terms of office were 9 years. 4. Article 3 sets up voting rights and election laws. 2. Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). 1. 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THE CONSTITUTION OF 1870. A new constitution, designed to replace the 1870 governing document, was presented to voters in 1922. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Using Learning Theory in the Early Childhood Classroom, Creating Instructional Environments that Promote Development, Modifying Curriculum for Diverse Learners, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. on November 2, 2009, The metadata below describe the original scanning. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Since that time, Illinois has had three additional constitutions, in 1848, 1870, and the current one in 1970. Let's take a look at how it became a state, and the history of its constitution. “Citizens of Illinois, I believe, should measure the product of our efforts by these tests: Is the Constitution of 1970 superior to the Constitution of 1870? Equal protection The guarantee of equal protection of the laws is taken from the U.S. Constitution’s What Can You Do With a Masters in History? This constitution … Illinois has had four constitutions since becoming a state in 1818: the first state constitution was in effect from 1818 until 1848; the second (1848-1870); the third (1870-1970) and the fourth (1970- ). accidents, the 1870 Constitution came to be very difficult to amend 3. Select a subject to preview related courses: The similarities between the U.S. and Illinois Constitutions don't just stop at its framework. The boundaries and jurisdiction of the State shall be as follows, to-wit: Beginning at the mouth of the Wabash River; thence up the same, and with the line of Indiana to the northwest corner of said state; thence east with the line of the same state, to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence north along the middle of said lake to north latitude forty-two degrees and thirty minutes, thence west to the middle of the Mississippi River, and thence down along the middle of that river to its confluence with the Ohio River, … In these elections the winners were seated during 1870 or in 1871 2. Constitution of the State of Illinois Adopted in Convention, May 18th, 1870, and Ratified by the People of the State, July 2d, A.D. 1870. What Is the Difference Between a Certificate, Diploma and Degree? Illinois has had four state constitutions in its nearly 200-year history: Let's talk a bit about the framework of the Illinois Constitution. And unlike the 1870 Constitution, our new constitution, balanced and practical, holds out hope to the people of Illinois that their government can, indeed, be responsive to their needs and their problems in this twentieth century. The document increased the authority of the governor and curbed the power of the legislature. Congress did not, however, require that this charter be submitted to the Illinois electorate for adoption. Founded in 1920, the NBER is a private, non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to conducting economic research and to disseminating research findings among academics, public policy makers, and business professionals. Benefits of This Constitution The Constitution of 1848 had established a rural judicial system, which, due to growth, quickly became inadequate. sister projects: Wikipedia article, Wikidata item. However, some provisions, such as the change in the dates for the election of constitutional officers, did not take effect for several years. In this lesson, we will look how it came to be, how it has evolved, and some of the facts about the constitution. Anyone can earn Four judges constituted a quorum and the concurrence of 4 was necessary for decision. 3. Important features of the fourth Illinois Constitution include the creation of home rule powers for larger municipalities and other units of local government. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Get access risk-free for 30 days, The Executive Branch controls the state budget and reports to the General Assembly on the conditions of the state. Local government powers were also clarified. Be the first one to, The constitution of the state of Illinois as adopted in convention, May 13, 1870 : and ratified by the people of the state July 2d, A.D. 1870, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, Illinois. It remained in effect for one hundred and one years, and even then the voters ratifying the proposed 1970 constitution refused to change four key provisions of the 1870 constitution. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? To address the State’s growing revenue problems, the proposed revision included a provision f… study Public Laws of the State of Illinois passed by the Twenty-Seventh General Assembly at the Regular, Special and the Adjourned Sessions, convened January 4, May 24, October 13, November 15, 1871. Lori has a degree from Stanford, was Principal of a K-12 private school that she started, has a Master's degree, and taught at the high school level. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Constitution of the State of Illinois, 1870 ADVERTISEMENT . Early in the 20th century an increasing number of Illinoisans believed that the constitution of 1870 required modernization. The executive branch is made up of the following five members and their staff: 3. However, they lost their control to the British in 1763, who maintained control until Illinois became part of the U.S. in 1783. Just like the U.S. government, the Illinois Constitution establishes three branches of government. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. - Presidency, Facts & Accomplishments, Quiz & Worksheet - Steps in Preparing Educational Assessments, Quiz & Worksheet - Tying Assessment Items & Learning Objectives, Quiz & Worksheet - Selection-Type vs. Supply-Type Assessments, Quiz & Worksheet - Writing Clear Directions for Educational Assessments, Quiz & Worksheet - Reviewing Educational Assessments Before Delivery, NY Regents - The 1920s in America: Help and Review, The Great Depression & World War II: Regents Help & Review, NY Regents - Cold War & Activism in America: Help and Review, NY Regents - The 1970s in America: Help and Review, NY Regents - The 1980s Through Today: Help and Review, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. In 1699, the first European settlers to Illinois, the French, came in. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. - Definition & Factors of U.S. The Legislative Branch introduces and passes laws regarding state policy and administration. Is the Constitution of 1970 relevant to the problems of our state at this time? (Source: Illinois Constitution.) Constitutional revisions were subsequently ratified in 1848, 1870 and 1970. There have been 13 amendments to the constitution between 1980 and 2014 (as of this lesson). Illinois! Ratified by popular vote, March 6, 1848. See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. In force April 1, 1848. Governor and the Lieutenant Governor (similar to the U.S. President and Vice President). The Illinois Constitution of 1818 was modeled after the United States Constitution and written in Kaskasia, Illinois, the state's first capital. See also the, There are no reviews yet. Article 2 covers the Powers of the State and defines the structure and separation of powers of the three branches of government. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). The Illinois Constitution is the governing document of the state of Illinois. | Definition & Resources for Teachers, Teaching Strategies | Instructional Strategies & Resources, Business Ethics: Skills Development & Training, Basic Genetics for Teachers: Professional Development, Financial Accounting: Skills Development & Training, Quiz & Worksheet - Post-Purchase Decision Process in Marketing, Quiz & Worksheet - Gathering User Requirements, Quiz & Worksheet - How to Create Journal Article Citations, Quiz & Worksheet - Life and Works Charles Dickens, Quiz & Worksheet - Significant Figures and Scientific Notation, Consumer Behavior Theory and Marketing Strategy, Alternative Teacher Certification in Michigan, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. courses that prepare you to earn Known as 'The Land of Lincoln,' the state of Illinois has a rich history dating back to the early 1800s. Samuel W. Witwer, president, Sixth Illinois Constitutional Convention. This second constitution reduced some of the powers of the legislative branches, and widened the powers of the executive and judicial branches. EMBED. Let's take a look at how it became a state, and the history of its constitution. Some counties were served by multiple railroads, others by a single railroad, and still others by none. It also put restrictions on the legislative branch. This initial constitution, required for Illinois to become a U.S. state, was modeled after the U.S. Constitution. The Constitution of 1848 gave greater responsibilities to the executive and judicial branches. Illinois., Illinois. The 1870 Constitution again expanded the powers of the executive and judicial branches. What is the directory structure for the texts? ★ 1870 Illinois elections. You can test out of the Chicago: The Western News Company. The Illinois Constitution contains a preamble, which defines the purpose of the constitution, and 14 articles. outline how changes are made to the constitution. But the Illinois Constitution approved 50 years ago this week contained a credo for environmental protection that was a national harbinger. Constitution (1870) Springfield: E. L. Merritt & brother, printers to the Convention, 1870. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The Illinois Constitution is the primary document that outlines how the state runs and is governed. Until the Great Depression, Illinois relied on a statewide property tax for most of its revenue. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What is Federalism? Careers with a History and Politics Degree, History PhD Program Rankings: List of Top Schools, Become a Military Doctor: Step-by-Step Career Guide. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Artifact Content (a transcription from the historical document or compilation) Links to a digitized transcription of the constitutionis available at the bottom of the page. There have been 13 amendments (additions or changes) to the current Illinois Constitution since its adoption in 1970. Illinois was originally occupied by Native Americans. Spanish Grammar: Describing People and Things Using the Imperfect and Preterite, Talking About Days and Dates in Spanish Grammar, Describing People in Spanish: Practice Comprehension Activity, Delaware Uniform Common Interest Ownership Act, 11th Grade Assignment - Comparative Analysis of Argumentative Writing, Quiz & Worksheet - Ordovician-Silurian Mass Extinction, Quiz & Worksheet - Employee Rights to Privacy & Safety, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, What is Inquiry-Based Learning? ←Illinois Constitution of 1870. Article 1 (the Bill of Rights) protects the rights of the citizens of IL, and the other articles define the Powers of the State (the three branches of government), as well as the laws, rules, and rights governing its citizens, politicians, and use of state revenue. The current version of the Illinois Constitution was ratified by special election on December 15, 1970, and went into effect on July 1, 1971. hank_b Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. The Constitution of 1870 was the third of four governing documents Illinois has used in its history, following earlier efforts in 1818 and 1848. No_Favorite. The Illinois Constitution of 1870 contained a revenue article that authorized taxes on four categories: property, privileges, franchises and certain occupations. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The 1870 Illinois Constitution included more detail concerning public education, transportation, revenue and the regulation of businesses and corporations, especially railroads. All rights reserved. Create an account to start this course today. outline the uses of public funds and state revenue, establish laws regarding the environment, and. Constitution of the State of Illinois ARTICLE VI THE JUDICIARY SECTION 1. Consider upgrading to a modern browser for an improved experience. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? 's' : ''}}. cover the laws and rules surrounding local governments. Be the first. Laws of Illinois 1870-1879. It is now guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution’s Fifth Amendment, which applies to the national government, and by its Fourteenth Amendment which applies to the states. Illinois has a 3-court system that consists of: Illinois became a U.S. state and established its first constitution in 1818. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? By the outbreak of the Civil War it was clear that the Illinois constitution of 1848 had been written for totally different times and that the government could not operate for a month without violating it. The constitution of the state of Illinois as adopted in convention, May 13, 1870 : and ratified by the people of the state July 2d, A.D. 1870 by Illinois. Before becoming a state, Illinois was called the Illinois Territory, which was an area that encompassed all of Illinois, Wisconsin, and parts of Minnesota. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! Services. Succeeding constitutions were ratified in 1848, 1870 and 1970. Just like the U.S. Constitution, it begins with a preamble, which defines the purposes of the Constitution. The first Illinois Constitution was adopted in 1818 when Illinois was admitted to the Union. Did you know… We have over 220 college Adopted by Convention, August 31, 1847. The first Illinois constitution was drafted in 1818 to satisfy Congress' requirements for elevation from territorial status to full statehood. November 16, 1818, read and ordered to lie upon the table Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. One of the advocates for the convention was Chicago mayor, Richard J. Daley, who sought two primary goals: (1) obtain constitution home rule power for the City of Chicago, and (2) to allow for classification of real property for ad valorem taxation purposes. Constitution of Illinois (1970) related portals: Constitutional documents, Illinois. The 1818 constitution was written at a constitutional convention at Illinois' first capital, Kaskaskia. The only movement in the direction of branching was in 1967 when banks were permitted to have a drive-in facility within 1500 feet of the "Unit Bank". credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. The Illinois Constitution of 1870 specifically prohibited branch banking. The 1848 constitution was created to meet Illinois' growing population and development, and was therefore, three times longer than the previous version. The Constitution of 1870 spelled out the new judicial system in Article VI. It affirmed the property tax as the chief form of revenue for the state. However, at the first Illinois constitutional convention of 1818, Illinois' current boundaries were official established, and it became the 21st U.S. state. The Judicial Branch interprets and rules on the Illinois Constitution and its laws. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Including the February 1871 readmission of Georgia. We, the people of the state of Illinois-grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to him for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit the same unimpaired to succeeding generations-in order to form a more perfect government, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote th… The Proposed New Constitution of Illinois 1922 with Explanatory Notes and Address to the People. Log in here for access. A third Illinois Constitution was adopted in 1870. By this time, the capital of Illinois had moved twice - from Kaskaskia in 1818, to Vendalia in 1820, then to its current capital, Springfield in 1839. Like the U.S. Constitution, the Illinois Constitution establishes three branches of government: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Create your account, Already registered? Uploaded by THE ILLINOIS CONSTITUTION OF 1970 . Many of these (such as providing for the common defense and insuring domestic tranquility) echo that of the U.S. Constitution. For decades Illinois had a high number of independent banks, the result of a long-standing state prohibition against branch banking that had been established by the constitution of 1870. With the rewriting of the Illinois Constitution in 1970, the prohibition on branch banking remained. On the first Saturday in July, 1870, the people of Illinois ratified a constitution.1 Roughly one hundred years later, on December 5, 1970, their successors performed the same decisive act.2 The significance of these acts of ratification is emphasized by the role a constitution plays in the traditional scheme of state It afforded equal protection of the laws — prohibitions on rules that arbitrarily discriminate — as well as due process of law. Constitution between 1980 and 2014 ( as of this Constitution the Constitution of the Constitution of 1870 required modernization framework! Of: Illinois became part of the Illinois Constitution is the governing,. Required for Illinois to become a U.S. state, was modeled after the U.S. Constitution up add. Branch introduces and passes laws regarding state policy and administration was adopted in 1818 prohibitions on rules that discriminate. 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