They appear in early spring with new growth. The tiny berries grow in clusters on stems and are best when allowed to ripen on the plant. Real currants are members of the Ribes family of flowering shrubs that thrive in northern climates with warm summers and cold winters. The present black currants will be largely replaced by new mildew-resistant cultivars —Ben Alder and Ben Sarek— which are available from plant propagators in Ontario. This calculator refers to astronomical seasons, not meteorological seasons. Currants are in-season for a short period starting in late spring and running through early summer, though some varieties ripen later in the season. Both are members of the ribes family, and are virtually interchangeable in recipes. These are really dried Corinth grapes that are more or less just small raisins. The health benefits of blackcurrants. They're typically classified by the color of the berry, and there are a number of cultivars within each color. The plant prefers full sun to partial shade. Current Facts Red currants are a member of the Grossulariaceae family and are botanically classified as Ribes rubrum and R. sativum. The grapes were originally cultivated in the south of Greece and more specifically, the island of Zante, hence the name Zante currant, used in the United States. Red currants grow best in locations that receive morning sun and afternoon shade, or dappled shade part of the day. In the Southern Hemisphere, it's in September. Planting in the fall is not recommended in the Northeast and Midwest. Ben Connan. All times are local time for Hanoi. Gooseberries are in the same Genus as the Currants - the Ribes Genus. They are smaller than the dried grapes and have a deep berry flavor. Matches well with. Raisins, sultanas and currants are highly nutritious. Desserts, baked goods, jams, and sauces are the most common recipes to feature currants. The Winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere is in December, while in the Southern Hemisphere, it's in June. These currants are smaller than ordinary raisins and are packed with flavor. My red currant bushes are ready to harvest in late May to early June, while my black currant bushes ripen about 2-3 weeks later. © Time and Date AS 1995–2020. The Vernal (Spring) Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere is in March. Red Currant Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. The June solstice is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere & the shortest day in the Southern Hemisphere. Freezing fresh currants makes it easier to remove them from the stem and avoid damaging the small fruits. Rich soil with compost dug in. The much older English name ‘ribes’ is of ancient Indo-European origin and is common to other languages. They're very similar in size, growing habits, and culinary uses. Due to the confusion between Zante currants and currant berries, it may be difficult to know which to use in a recipe. Ornamental as well as practical, currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in northern states. Privacy & Terms, * All times are local time for Hanoi. raisins, chopped soft prunes, chopped dates Fresh currants are in season during the warm summer months, just like other berries. The Seasons Calculator shows the times and dates of Vernal (Spring) & Autumnal (Fall) equinoxes and Summer and Winter solstices all over the world. (NOTE: If you are not interested in growing Currants & Gooseberries, but just finding them, try going to the Nature's Restaurant Online site for Currants & Gooseberries.). The redcurrant, or red currant (Ribes rubrum) is a member of the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family.It is native across Europe. Next Season. Since they carry with them the significant acidic edge of the fresh fruits, they're the perfect foil for strongly flavored meats like pork, lamb, or game that benefit from a bit of sweetness. Fresh currants are not widely available in the U.S. and they tend to cost a bit more than other berries. Gooseberries can be green, red, black, or yellow and ripen later in the summer season (July through August). Red currants are the most common and best for jams, sauces, and similar culinary applications. Each flower bud opens to number of flowers (up to 20), joined together on a delicate, drooping 5 - 6 inch stem, called a strig. Shoots 4 years and older produce very little fruit. Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. Black currants are muskier than other varieties. A currant bush produces fruit that are ready for harvest between mid-June and August, depending on the variety. March equinox marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. The berries usually are medium-small and also the groups are moderate in length. The Sun shines directly on the Equator on the September equinox and the length of day and night is nearly equal, but not quite. Iowa State University. Suitable for freezing. Currants naturally contain a lot of pectin and acidity. Most currants will not produce fruit until 1 to 3 years after planting. Dried black currants look a lot like Zante currants. Ribes species produce the majority of their fruit on two- and three-year-old shoots. As blackcurrant juice, … Known as Zante currants, they are dried, seedless red grapes with a sweet and tangy taste. Harvesting Currants Harvest Season: Currants are harvested in the early summer. Miscellaneous . Mouths have been known to pucker while tasting a currant. They're prevalent in Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, and many varieties are native to North America. Currants are tiny, dark, intensely flavoured raisins made from a dried, small, black variety of grape, that was first grown at Corinth. We begin to crave in-season apples and pears, and as cool weather approaches so does the need for warmer dishes. Snow or occasional frost will not hurt most new plants (green tissue culture plants excepted), and spring rains will foster growth. The shrubs have several identifying features, including smell, shape, height, clustering pattern, flowers, and leaf patterns. Search for a city's astronomical seasons, solstices, equinoxes, and much more... Countries define seasons differently. The fresh, tart flavor is excellent in fresh fruit dishes and can be used to make jams and preserves. Raisins, sultanas, and Zante currants are all sweet dried fruits that stem from different varieties of vine-grown grapes, while currants really are a fresh bush-grown berry that is tart rather than sweet. They can be found during the summer at some farmers markets and health food stores, usually sold on the vine or in small boxes/bags (like figs and grapes) that protect their delicate skin. Despite their tiny size, currants are packed with nutrition. Ship dates are selected during checkout process. The English word ‘currant’ has been used for this fruit only since 1550, taken from the fruit’s resemblance to the dried currants of Greece, raisins made from a small seedless grape. The Spruce Eats uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. The December solstice is the summer solstice in the Southern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere. Position. With a sweet and bright acidic berry flavor, currants are delicious when eaten fresh. They’re both harvestable for about a month. The consort black currant is definitely an earlier mid-season variety which is regarded as being just fair in productivity. The strig Duration 93 days, 15 hrs, 49 mins. American black currant, Ribes americanum, is native to much of North America and is sometimes called wild black currant.European black currant, Ribes nigrum, is native to northern Europe and Asia. Berry production will increase as the currant bush becomes older and more mature. Species: Red, pink and white currants belong to three European species (Ribes rubrum, R. petraeum, R. s… The plant prefers full sun to partial shade. Substitutions. Unlike raisins, currants taste tart. True currants are small berries that grow on shrubs and are more like gooseberries. Other names for currants are Zante currants, Corinth raisins, or Corinthian raisins. What’s in Season in Fall. Greek. Look for indicators about working with fresh or frozen fruit, as this means true currants are used. True currants originate on a berry bush and are either red, pink, black or white. U.S. Department of Agriculture, April 2020. Ethnicity. Common Names:Currant (English), Johannisbeere (German), Ribes (Danish, Swedish, Italian), Groseille (French), Bes (Flemish). The rich flavor of currants is delicious in cakes, jams, and other dishes. Currant canes lack the spines and bear 8 to 30 pea-sized berries in clusters. It is the Southern Hemisphere's autumnal/fall equinox. Season. Currant shrubs are also rather easy to grow, and that is one way to get around their limited availability. Strip the currants from their stalks. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. White currants are more delicate in flavor, lower in acidity, and often enjoyed fresh. Food Funct. Recipes that mention red or white currants are referring to the berry. Blanka currant plant produces fruit used for juice and winemaking! They are sold on the stem and often nestled in cardboard produce boxes alongside blueberries or blackberries. The berries should be plump, glossy and a little bit firm when they are purchased, and they can be stored for as long as three days under refrigeration. Read our, Johannisbeeren and Schwarze Johannisbeeren - Red and Black Currant, Easy-to-Make Recipe for Homemade Mulberry Jam. Pink currants are the rarest and fall between the red and white varieties, both in color and taste. When to Buy/In Season: Currants are fresh in June and July. A rich source of iron, antioxidants, and fiber, currants will give your diet a super nutritional boost. Winter 2020-2021 Start (December Solstice) Dec 21 5:02 am. The species is widely cultivated and has escaped into the wild in many regions. Plant as early as possible in the spring. Currants are commonly preserved in jams and can also be dried using a food dehydrator. Summer 2021 Start (June Solstice) Jun 20 11:32 pm. They have the boldest flavor and are most commonly processed into jams, sauces, and syrups or dried rather than eaten fresh. There are many varieties of currants. The best time to prune currants and gooseberries is late winter or early spring (March to early April) before growth begins. There's no need to add pectin or other gelling agents when making jams and preserves, and they're often combined with low-pectin fruits. Height – 40 to 50 inches (100 to 120 cm) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous. The fall (autumnal) equinox in the Northern Hemisphere is in September. Agricultural Marketing Resource Center “Gooseberry,” February 2016. https://www.agmrc.org/commodities-products/fruits/gooseberry. Duration 88 days, 23 hrs, 35 mins. Currants come in red, black, and gold colors when ripe. Harvest season for currants is usually mid to late summer. A sunny, weed-free location with at least a … When processing them into a jam, it's also common to leave them on the stem and remove it after cooking. In the winter of the plant's first season, all but two or three stems are removed at ground level. They're often used in Dutch and French cuisines, featured in scones, tarts, and other baked goods, or processed into jams, preserves, and sauces. Red currant jelly is a common ingredient in sauce recipes. Although closely related, you can easily distinguish currants and gooseberries by examining the canes and fruit. Though the federal ban was lifted in 1966, some states continue to have Ribes regulations. Likewise, consider the origin; if it's a Danish, Dutch, or French dish, use currant berries. Current Season. July - September. The white currant or whitecurrant is a group of cultivars of the red currant (Ribes rubrum), a species of flowering plant in the family Grossulariaceae, native to Europe. Plants ship between January - July, depending on zone. Gopalan A, Reuben SC, Ahmed S, Darvesh AS, Hohmann J, Bishayee A. Dates are based on the. Marzolo, Gina. Currants are also called johannisbeeren (German), ribes (Danish, Italian, and Swedish), groseille (French), and bes (Flemish). An excellent source of fiber, vitamin C, and antioxidants, one cup of fresh currants contains 62 calories and 15 grams of carbohydrate. Currants have also been used in traditional medicine to treat a number of conditions. They are best stored loosely wrapped or covered and chilled. Name – Ribes grossularia Family – Grossulariaceae Type – fruit tree. It is important to check with local regulations because gooseberries and currants were banned in the U.S. because of a fungal disease that can infect white pines (white pine blister rust). Like all berries, fresh currants have a relatively short life-span. pH of 6 to 6.5 preferred. Use them fresh in fruit salads, particularly berry mixes, or to garnish desserts with their pretty color. Currant shrubs are also rather easy to grow, and that is one way to get around their limited availability. Red Currants also contain good amounts of Vitamin K, Manganese, and Potassium. Do not overcook or they will lose their fresh flavour. Ribes rubrum is a deciduous shrub normally growing to 1–1.5 metres (3–5 ft) tall, occasionally 2 m (7 ft), with five-lobed leaves arranged spirally on the stems. An award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 recipes focused on local, seasonal ingredients. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/786678/nutrients. High in nutrition and low in fat, its no wonder currants are more popular than ever. Fresh currants can be used like blueberries, and somewhat like blackberries or raspberries, in tarts and pies, and other desserts, such as sorbets and puddings. Currants, Raw. What Are Lingonberries, and How Are They Used? Black currants are also delicious with game meat, and often cooked into a simple sauce that's paired with duck or venison. Currants contain hard seeds; produce sold as seedless currents is actually a small seedless grape. Varied Berry Currants. Black currants (Ribes nigrum) tend to ripen later in summer. Currants/Gooseberries. The name currant comes from the ancient city of Corinth. Soil. How to select. During ripening season an abundance of red currants are available for the taking! FoodData Central. The dried zante grapes are available year round, the fresh currants have a summer season. Flowers:Currant flowers are borne toward the bases of one-year old stems and on spurs on older stems. Look for them at farmers markets and specialty stores and select fruits that are shiny and full. Add raw to fruits salads if they are not too tart or cook in a little water with sugar to taste. Identifying the plants is easy because most gooseberries have thorns and currants do not. Currants and gooseberries are closely related members of the Ribes genus of plants (often called the gooseberry family). Enjoyed fresh but two or three stems are removed at ground level Ribes rubrum and R. sativum currants originate a. Buy/In season: currants are available year round, the Netherlands, how. 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